It ranks foremost among all German fortresses because of its two famous occupants: The Holy Elisabeth of Thüringen and Martin Luther. Elisabeth was the daughter of a Hungarian king and the wife of Count Ludwig IV. After the early death of her husband, she dedicated her life to the service of the poor and the sick. After Martin Luther was sought by the Worms Assembly, he spent 1521-1522 in the castle and in 11 months translated the Bible into German. In the 19th Century Grand Duke Carl Alexander von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach remodeled Wartburg into its current structure and appearance.